Personal Facts

Jun 18, 1817


Commanding General His Highness Shree Shree Shree Maharaja Sir Jung Bahadur Kunwar Ranaji, (born as Bir Narsingh Kunwar (Nepali: ??? ?????? ?????), 18 June 1817, Borlang, Gorkha – 25 February 1877, Patharghat, Rautahat; popularly known as Jung Bahadur Rana (Nepali: ???? ?????? ????)) was a Khas Rajput (Chhetri) ruler of Nepal and initiator of the Rana Regime in Nepal. Jung Bahadur, a man of great courage and ability, took control of the government after killing a usurper, Gagan Singh, who plotted to become prime minister with the junior queen in 1846 and put her son on the throne.He was born as Bir Narsingh Kunwar but he became known by the name Jang Bahadur, given to him by his maternal uncle Mathabar Singh Thapa who used to call him Jangay as commemoration of his boldness and courage.His mother Ganesh Kumari was the daughter of Kaji Nain Singh Thapa, brother of Mukhtiyar Bhimsen Thapa of then ruling Thapa dynasty.Through the influence of his maternal side, he enjoyed privileges.During his lifetime, he eliminated the factional fighting at the court, removed his family rivals such as Pandes and Basnyats and paved way for the finding of Ranas, introduced innovations into the bureaucracy and the judiciary, and made efforts to "modernize" Nepal.He remains one of the most important figures in Nepalese history, though modern historians have also blamed Jung Bahadur for setting up the dictatorship that repressed the nation for 104 years from 1846 to 1951 and left it in a primitive economic condition.Others exclusively blame his nephews, the Shumsher Ranas, for Nepal's dark period of history.Rana rule was marked by tyranny, debauchery, economic exploitation and religious persecution.